|You are here: GulfBase > Reefs, Banks & Islands > Florida Keys||•|
The Florida Key National Marine Sanctuary was designated by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the late 1980s to help protect the fragile environment. The main concern in the Keys is the degradation of water quality due to anthropogenic activities in the Everglades, the main source of freshwater.
The ecosystem surrounding the Keys is composed of several community types, including tropical hardwood forests, mangrove wetlands, seagrass meadows, hard and soft bottoms, and the third largest shallow water coral reef system in the world. The clear water around the islands supports an abundance of plant and animal life. Seagrasses dominate the shallow bay floor and the area is well known for its productive flats and fishing grounds. Wildlife found in the Keys includes water birds, alligators, crocodiles, loggerhead turtles, Key deer and manatees.
Nearest Largest City: Key West, Florida, USA
Length: 420.0 km
Porter, J.W., K.G. Porter (eds). 2002. The Everglades, Florida Bay, and Coral Reefs of the Florida Keys, An Ecosystem Sourcebook. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 1000 pp.
USEPA. 1999. Ecological condition of estuaries in the Gulf of Mexico. EPA 620-R-98-004. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Gulf Ecology Division, Gulf Breeze, Florida. 80 pp.
USGS. 2002. URL: http://sofia.usgs.gov/virtual_tour/flbay/index.html
Everglades National Park
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary
Everglades - National Wildlife Federation
Keywords: Bay, Estuary, Seagrass, Everglades, Mangrove, Manatee, Turtle, Alligator, Crocodile, Water bird
Update this reef, bank or island's info
GulfBase is a project of the
Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi.
To give proper credit to the original authors, please cite information taken from GulfBase by the original source as displayed.
To cite GulfBase, use: F. Moretzsohn, J.A. Sánchez Chávez, and J.W. Tunnell, Jr., Editors. 2013. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 25 May 2013.
|You are visitor since October 15, 2002.||GulfBase Team Contact Info|