You are here: GulfBase > Reefs, Banks & Islands > Florida Middle Grounds
GulfBase Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies
Gulfbase Twitter Account  Gulfbase Facebook Account
Home
Upcoming Events
Institutions & Organizations
People
Projects & Programs
Bays & Estuaries
Reefs, Banks & Islands
Environmental Issues
Assets
General Facts
about the Gulf
Exploration History
Other Online Resources
Electronic Books
Mexican Coral Reef Species Checklist
InfoHub
BioGoMx


Site Search:
Florida Middle Grounds

Florida Middle Grounds
From: NOAA, 2002

The Florida Middle Grounds is a 1,193 square km area in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, 137 km south of Apalachicola and 129 km northwest of Tarpoon Springs. The bank formations consist of two north-to-northwesterly parallel ridges separated by a valley. Winter temperatures reach 16°C limiting many tropical species from occupying these banks. However, there are 23 species of stony corals, 103 species of algae, about 40 sponges, 75 molluscs, 56 decapod crustaceans, 41 polychaetes, 23 echinoderms and 170 species of fish.


Location on Continental Shelf:   Mid-Shelf Bank
Coordinates:   28.50° N   84.50° W
Nearest Largest City:   Clearwater, Florida, USA

Selected Characteristics:
Area of Coverage:   1,193 km2

Community Structure:
Overall, the biotic characteristics of this area are very different from either the Florida Keys or the Flower Garden Banks, located off Texas. The most abundant stony coral species are the elliptical star coral, yellow pencil coral and branching fire coral. Coral cover may be as high as 30% on some reef pinnacles.

Geological Characterization:
The main stratigraphical units are limestone. Carbonate mud, sand and mangrove peat are also present.

References:
NOAA. 2002. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States. URL: http://www.nccos.noaa.gov/documents/status_coralreef.pdf

Additional Information:
National Centers for Coastal Oceanic Science

Keywords:   Carbonate, Coral, Limestone, Algae, Sponge


Update this reef, bank or island's info
(restricted access)
GulfBase is a project of the Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi.
To give proper credit to the original authors, please cite information taken from GulfBase by the original source as displayed.
Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi To cite GulfBase, use: F. Moretzsohn, J.A. Sánchez Chávez, and J.W. Tunnell, Jr., Editors. 2014. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 21 November 2014.
You are visitor Counter since October 15, 2002. GulfBase Team   Contact Info